Bolt, Bruce, Bernie Adler, Manuel Rotenburg, and Sydney Ferbach, 1973, Methods in Computational of Physics: New York: Academic Press.

Gibson, R.I., and P.S. Millegan Editors, Geologic Applications of Gravity and Magnetics: Case Histories, SEG Geophysical References Series, No. 8, AAPG Studies in Geology, #43, Gravity/Magnetic Signatures of Various Geologic Models – An Exercise in Pattern Recognition, Prieto, Corine, p. 20-27

Grant, F. S. and G. F. West, 1965, Interpretation Theory in Applied Geophysics: New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company.

Heiskanen, W.A. and H. Moritz, 1967, Physical Geodesy: New York: W.H. Freeman.

Hinze, William J., Ralph R.B. von Frese, Afif H. Saad, 2013, Gravity and Magnetic Exploration: Principles, Practices and Applications: Cambridge University Press.

Milson, John, 2003, Field Geophysics 3rd edition: London: University College.

Nettleton, L.L., 1971, Elementary gravity and magnetic for geologists and seismologists: SEG monograph series, Number 1.

Nettleton, L. L.,1976, Gravity and magnetics in oil prospecting: New York, McGraw-Hill Book Co. Inc.

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Breiner, S., 1973, Applications Manual for Portable Magnetometers: GeoMetrics, Inc.

Hartman, R.R. et al, 1971, A system for rapid digital aeromagnetic interpretation: Geophysics, 36, 891-918.

Peters, J. L., 1949. The direct approach to magnetic interpretation and its practical application: Geophysics, 14, 290-320.

Reeves, C., 2005, Aeromagnetic surveys: principles, practices, & interpretation: Published by Geosoft.

Reid, A.B. et al, 1990, Magnetic interpretation in three dimensions using Euler deconvolution: Geophysics, 55, 80-91.

Spector, A. and F.S. Grant, 1970, Statistical models for interpreting aeromagnetic data: Geophysics, 35, 293-302.

Vacquier, V. et al, 1951, Interpretation of aeromagnetic maps: Geological Society of America Memoir 46.


Depth Estimation

Bhattacharyya, B.K. and L.K. Leu, 1977. Spectral analysis of gravity and magnetic anomalies due to rectangular prismatic bodies: Geophysics, 41, 41-50.

Hartman, R.R. et al, 1971, A system for rapid digital aeromagnetic interpretation: Geophysics, 36, 891-918.

Goussev, S.A. et al, 1998, HRAM fault interpretation using MAGPROBE depth estimates and non-traditional filtering: Canadian Journal of Exploration Geophysicist, 34, no. 1 & 2, 30-39.

Jain, S., 1976, An automatic method of direct interpretation of magnetic profiles: Geophysics, 41, 531-541.

Ku, C.C. and J.A. Sharp, 1983, Werner deconvolution for automated magnetic interpretation and its refinement using Marquardt’s inverse modeling: Geophysics, 48, 754-774

Li, Xiong, 2003. On the use of different methods for estimating magnetic depth: The Leading Edge, 22, 1090-1099

Ross, H.E. et al, 2004. Testing the utilization of aeromagnetic data for the determination of Curie-isotherm depth: EOS, Trans. Am. Geophys. Un. 85(47), Fall Meet. Suppl.,               Abstract T31A-1287.



Adams, R.L., 1993, Effects of inherited pre-Jurassic tectonics on the U.S. Gulf Coast: Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies Transactions, 43, 1-9

Alexander, M. and K. Aimaddine, 2013, Basement structure in the Northern Gulf of Mexico province: Persistent influence or rejuvenated? : Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies Transactions, 63, 517-518

Bagherbandi, Mohammad and Lars E. Sjöberg, 2011, Comparison of crustal thickness from two gravimetric-isostatic models and CRUST2.0: Studia Geophysica et Geodaetica, 55, no. 4, 641-666.

Berg, R.R., 1962, Mountain flank thrusting in Rocky Mountains foreland, Wyoming and Colorado: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull. 46, n.11, 2019-2032

Birdwell, Maurice N., et al, 1997, Tinsley Field, Yazoo County Mississippi: A deeper look at Mississippi’s first oil field using 3-D seismic: Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies Transactions, 47, 49-58.

Blant, G., 1973. Structure et paléogéographie du littoral meridional et oriental de 1’Afrique. In Blant, G. (Ed)., Sedimentary basins of the African coasts, Pt. 2: south and east coast: Paris (Assoc. African Geol. Surveys), 193-233.

Fowler, C.M.R., 2001, The solid earth: Cambridge: University of Cambridge.

Gold, D.P. et al, Precambrian basement map of the Appalachian Basin and Piedmont Province in Pennsylvania, Version 1.0: Pennsylvania Geological Survey open-file report OFGG 05-01.0

Hammer, Sigmund, L.L. Nettleton, and W. K. Hastings, 1945. Gravimeter Prospecting for Chromite in Cuba: Geophysics, 10, 34-49.

Julià J., C.J. Ammon, and A.A. Nyblade, 2005, Evidence for mafic lower crust in Tanzania, East Africa, from joint inversion of receiver functions and Rayleigh wave dispersion velocities: Geophysical Journal International, 162, 555–569.

Kajato, H., 1996, Evolution and Hydrocarbon potential of the Ruvuma basin: Annual General Conference, Tanzania Geological Society, 3.

Kapilima, S., 2003, Tectonic and sedimentary evolution of the coastal basin of Tanzania during Mesozoic times: Tanzania Journal of Science, 29, 1-16.

Kent, P., 1974, Leg 25 results in relation to east African coastal stratigraphy: Initial reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 25, no. 31, 679-684

Lenoir, J.L., et al., 1994, The Paleoproterozoic Ubendian Shear Belt in Tanzania: geochronology and Structure: Journal of African Earth Sciences, 19, no. 3 169-184.

Mpanda, S., 1997: Geological development of the East African coastal basin of Tanzania, Vol. 45, Stockholm University, Department of Geology and Geochemistry.

Pratt J. H., 1855, On the attraction of the Himalaya Mountains and of the elevated regions beyondupon the plumb-line in India: Philosophical Transactions Royal Society London, 145, 53-100.

Rabinowitz, P.D., M.F. Coffin, and D. Falvey, 1983, The separation of Madagascar and Africa: Science, 220, 67-69.

Rosenthal, D.B., and R.T. Buffler, 1990, Depth to basement Gulf of Mexico region: Univ. Texas Inst. for Geophysics, published map

Stephens, B.P., 2009, Basement controls on subsurface geologic patterns and coastal geomorphology across the northern Gulf of Mexico: Implications for subsidence studies and coastal restoration: a deeper perspective on central Louisiana: Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies Transactions, 59, 729-751

Stephens, B.P., 2010, Basement controls on subsurface geologic patterns and near-surface geology across the northern Gulf of Mexico: a deeper perspective on central Louisiana: U.S. Dept. of the Interior, MMS

Thomas. E. P, 1950, Mississippi Structures and Their Relation to Oil Accumulation: AAPG Bulletin, 34, 1502-1516.

Van Bemmelen, R. W., 1965, The evolution of the Indian Ocean mega-undation: Tectonophysics, 2, 29-57.



Bradley, J.W., 1975, The application of the borehole gravimeter to the evaluation and exploration of oil and gas reserves: Presentation at the 45th Annual International Meeting, SEG.

FitzGerald, D. and R. Paterson, 2013. Getting the best value from gravity gradiometry. 83rd Annual International Meeting, SEG, Expanded Abstracts, 1185-1189.

LaFehr, T. R., 1983, Rock density from borehole gravity surveys: Geophysics, 48, no. 3, 341-356.

Murphy, C.A., 2010, Recent developments with Air-FTG®, In R.J. Lane (editor), Airborne Gravity 2010 – Abstracts from the ASEG-PESA Airborne Gravity 2010 Workshop: Published jointly by Geoscience Australia and the Geological Survey of New South Wales, Geoscience Australia Record 2010/23 and GNSW File S2010/0457, 142-151.

Murphy, C.A., and Dickinson, J.L., 2009, Exploring exploration play models with FTG Gravity data: SAGA 2009 11th Biennial Technical Meeting, Swaziland, Extended abstracts.

Murphy, C. A., 2004, Air-FTG airborne gravity gradiometer system, in R.J.L. Lane, ed., Airborne Gravity 2004—Abstracts from the ASEG-PESA Airborne Gravity 2004 Workshop: Geoscience Australia Record 2004/18, 7–14.

Moore, D. et al, 2013, FALCON airborne gravity gradiometry provides a smarter exploration tool for unconventional and convention hydrocarbons: case study from the Fitzroy Trough, onshore Canning Basin: 10th Biennial International Conference & Exposition, SPG India, Expanded abstract, 114

Rasmussen, N.F., 1975, Borehole gravimeter finds bypassed oil, gas: The Oil and Gas Journal, Sept. 29, 1975

Sasagawa, G. et al, 2002, A new seafloor gravimeter: Geophysics manuscript No. 01177.

Zlotnikov, D., 2013, Superior detective work: the promise of airborne gravity gradiometry: Earth Explorer, June 21.



El-Batroukh, S.I. and A.S. Zentani, 1980, Gravity interpretation of Raguba field, Sirte Basin, Libya: Geophysics, 45, No. 7, 1153-1163.

Murray, A.S., and R.M. Tracey, 2001, Best Practice in Gravity Surveying: Geoscience Australia, Unpublished.

National Geodetic Survey/NOAA, 2012, GRAV-D field operations handbook: Published by NOAA’s National Geodetic Survey, edited by M. Youngman

Rabinowitz, P.D., 1982, Gravity measurements bordering passive continental margins: Dynamics of Passive Margins, Geodynamics Series, 6, AGU

Vajk, R., 1956. Bouguer corrections with varying surface density: Geophysics, 21, No. 4


Data Gridding

Briggs, IAN C., 1974, Machine contouring using minimum curvature: Geophysics, 39, No. 1, 39-48.


Magnetic Susceptibility

Bain, J., T.R. Horscroft, J. Weyand, A.H. Saad, and D.N. Bulling, 1993, Complex salt features resolved by integrating seismic, gravity and magnetics: 55th Annual Conference and Technical Exhibition, EAGP/EAEG, Expanded Abstracts, no. E006, 135-138.

Fishman, N. S., R. L. Reynolds, M. R. Hudson, and V. F. Nuccio, 1989, Source of anomalous magnetization in area of hydrocarbon potential:  petrologic evidence from Jurassic Preuss Sandstone, Wyoming-Idaho Thrust Belt: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 73, 182-194.

Flanagan, G., S. G. Davis, C. L Campbell, and J. K. Doughtie, 1988, Integration of high sensitivity aeromagnetics and seismic to define salt and sediment structures in the Gulf of Mexico:  58th Annual International Meeting, SEG, Expanded Abstracts, 582-585.

Gay, S. Parker, Jr., and B. W Hawley, 1991, Syngenetic magnetic anomaly sources: Three examples: Geophysics, 56, 902-913.

Gernigon L., M. Brönner, C. Fichler, L. Løvås, L. Marello and O. Olesen, 2011, Magnetic expression of salt diapir–related structures in the Nordkapp Basin, Western Barents Sea: Geology, 39; 135-138.

Goldhaber, M. B., and R. L Reynolds, 1991, Relations among hydrocarbon reservoirs, epigenetic sulfidization, and rock magnetization: Examples from the south Texas coastal plain: Geophysics, 56, 748-757.

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Machel, H. G., and Burton, E. A., 1991, Chemical and microbial processes causing anomalous magnetization in environments affected by hydrocarbon seepage:  Geophysics, 56, 598-605.

Prieto, C., October1993, Gulf of Mexico – understanding the magnetic response due to the salt intrusion: IGC Footnote Series, Integrated Geophysics Corporation.

Prieto, C., et al., June 1996, Magnetic Susceptibilities of Sedimentary Rocks: IGC Footnote Series, Integrated Geophysics Corporation.

Reynolds, R. L., N. S. Fishman, and M. R. Hudson, 1991, Sources of aeromagnetic anomalies over Cement oil field (Oklahoma), Simpson oil field (Alaska), and the Wyoming Idaho-Utah thrust belt:  Geophysics, 56, 606-617.

Rowe, J.D., 1998, High Resolution Aeromagnetic data as a salt mapping tool, Gulf of Mexico: Presented at the 68th Annual International Meeting, SEG.

Talbot, C. J. and M. P. A. Jackson, 1987, Internal Kinematics of Salt Diapirs: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 71, no. 9, 1068-1093.

Saunders, D. F., K. R. Burson, and C. K. Thompson, 1991, Observed relation of soil magnetic susceptibility and soil gas hydrocarbon analyses to subsurface hydrocarbon accumulations: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 75, 389-408.

Zhang, Y., 1994, Aeromagnetic anomalies and prospective oil traps in China: Geophysics, 59, 1492-1499.


Migration Pathways

Pratsch, J. C., 1988, Focused gas migration and concentration of deep gas accumulations, NW German Basin: AAPG Treatise of Petroleum Geology, 8, 613-619.

Pratsch, J.-C., 1993,  Offshore Gulf Coast oil and gas field development through one-and two-stage vertical hydrocarbon migration: 13th Annual Research Conference Gulf Coast Section Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists Foundation, Transactions, 15-22.


Reduction to Magnetic Pole

Arkani-Hamed, J., 2007, Differential reduction-to-the-pole: Revisited, Geophysics, 72, no.1, pp. L13-L20.

Baranov, V., 1957, A new method for interpretation of aeromagnetic maps: Pseudo-gravimetric anomalies, Geophysics, 22, no.2, 359-383.

Breiner, S., 1973, Applications Manual for Portable Magnetometers: GeoMetrics, Inc.

Macleod, I. N., S. Vierra, A. C. Chaves, 1993, Analytic signal and reduction-to-the-pole in the interpretation of total magnetic field data at low magnetic latitudes: Proceedings of 3rd International Congress of the Brazilian Geophysical Society.


Structural Models

Flavelle, A. J. and W. Anfiloff, 1976, Non-Standard Gravity Anomalies Over Sedimentary Structures: APEA Journal 16, Part 1, 117-121.

Shuey, R. T. and A. S. Pasquale, 1973, End Corrections in Magnetic Profile Interpretation: Geophysics, 28, No. 3, 507-512.

Talwani, Manik and James R. Heirtzler, 1964, Computation of Magnetic Anomalies Caused by Two-Dimensional Structures of Arbitrary Shape: Computers in Mineral Industries, Part 1: Stanford University Publications, Geological Sciences, 9, 1964, 464-480.

Talwani, Manik, J. Larmar Worzel, and Mark Landsiman, 1959, Rapid Gravity Computations for Two-Dimensional Bodies with Application to the Mendocino Submarine Fracture Zone: Journal of Geophysical Research, 64, No. 1, 49-59.



Dugda, M.T., A.A. Nyblade, J. Julià, S-Wave velocity structure of the crust and upper mantle beneath Kenya in comparison to Tanzania and Ethiopia: Implication or the formation of the East African and Ethiopian plateaus: South African Journal of Geology, 112, 241–250.

Ebeniro, J.O., and Y. Nakamura, 1988, Sedimentary and crustal structure of the northwestern Gulf of Mexico: Journal of Geophysical Research, 93, no. B8, 9075-9092

Eddy,D.R.,, 2013, Syn-rift volcanism and seafloor-spreading in the northern Gulf of Mexico: results from the GUMBO marine seismic refraction project, American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2013, abstract #T21A-2532.

Gardner, G.H.F., et. al., 1974, Formation Velocity and Density — The Diagnostic Basics for Stratigraphic Traps: Geophysics, 39, no. 6, 770-780.

Haeni, F.P., 2005, Techniques of Water-Resources Investigations Book 2, Chapter D2,
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Regional Structural Framework

Bessoles, B., 1977.  Geologie  de  l’Afriquele  craton  oust Africaine, BRGM Memoir No. 88

Teisserenc, P. and J. Villemin, 1989. Sedimentary basin of Gabon geology and oil systems, AAPG Memoir 48

Vidal, J. et al, 1975. L’exploration petroliere au Gabon et au Congo, in Transactions, Ninth World   Petroleum Congress

Wannesson, J. et al, 1991. Structure and evolution of adjoining segments of the west African margindetermined from deep seismic profiling, in Continental Lithosphere: Deep Seismic Reflections, Geodynamics Series, vol. 22, AGU.